If you want to know something about the rich, cultural and historical heri- tage of Montenegro, as well as see its natural beauties, you should go on the Montenegro Tour. We travel by bus from the coast and over the mountain, enjoying the beautiful si- ght of the coast and nice scenery, to the old capital of Montenegro, Cetinje.
Cetinje is the religious center of Montenegro and its capital from 15th to mid 20th century. Today Cetinje is the official capital of Montenegro (Po- dgorica is the administrative capital). It is positioned in a valley bellow mo- unt Lovchen. Cetinje represented the center and symbol of Montenegrin struggle for freedom for centuries. The genesis of Cetinje was caused by historical-political, as well as social-economical circumstances of the 15th century. The conquering campaigns of Ottoman Turks forced the (in those days) ruler of Zeta (previous name of Montenegro), Ivan Crnojevich, to move his capital from fortified town of Zabljak (in Zeta valley) to less approachable terrain – first to Obod (in 1475), and then even deeper into the mountains, at the foothill of mountain Lovchen. Ivan Crnojevich built a court for himself in Cetinje field (valley), in 1482. Two years later, he built the now famous monastery. By building of the court and monastery, the new capital was formed, and it was named after the small river, called Cetina, that ran through Cetinje valley in those times. Ivan Crnojevich also moved the residence of Zeta’s archbishop to the newly built monastery.